Amenorrhea can come at any period of time. It is a part of a woman’s life. It can occur during pregnancy, as the result of some medication, or breastfeeding. In most cases, amenorrhea is considered normal. But it can also be a sign of some severe health condition.
It is always recommended to consult a gynecologist if you are experiencing amenorrhea without any obvious reason. It might be an indication of any harmful disease that can be life-threatening.
What causes amenorrhea?
Amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual bleeding. All women go through this phase in their life. It is a natural process. In many cases, it is obvious. Hence, you should be worried and tensed about this factor if it happens naturally. There are many causes of the amenorrhea. Some of the main reasons are given below.
Natural Amenorrhea is a condition that comes naturally due to some factors. You can experience natural amenorrhea as the result of the pregnancy, breast –feeding, and menopause. This is a normal.
Contraceptives can cause amenorrhea
Another reason of the amenorrhea is the use of the contraceptives. The benefit of the contraceptives is that as long as you are taking these pills you can avoid periods. Once you will stop taking this, you will get your periods within three to four days. It is applicable for most of the types of the oral, injected, or implanted contraceptives. If you taking contraceptive and you are not getting your periods then no need to worry about your missing periods. More importantly, do not take any contraceptive without consulting the gynecologist.
Some medications can cause amenorrhea such as antipsychotics, blood pressure drugs, cancer chemotherapy, allergy medications, and antidepressants. Consult your physician before taking these kinds of medications.
Stressful life and Unhealthy practices
In some cases, unhealthy lifestyle and stress can cause amenorrhea. Remember that if you are not leading a disciplined life it can create many health complications and amenorrhea is one of them.
If you are underweight and your body weight is about ten percent under normal body weight then there is a possibility that you can experience amenorrhea. When you lose your weight significantly, it affects the normal functioning of the hormone that ultimately influences ovulation. Women, who are having a problem in weight gain and have an eating disorder such as bulimia or anorexia, experience amenorrhea because of the hormonal imbalance and changes.
Exercise is good for health. But if you do rigorous exercises and training that will create health complication and this more harmful for those women who are already facing health challenges like weight loss. Exercises demand more energy. Hence, if you are following a regular exercise routine then you need to be serious about your food intakes. Moreover, take the advice of any expert before doing any hard and rigorous exercise.
We all are acquainted with the fact that stress and any pressure are not good for health. Stress can momentarily change the functioning of the hypothalamus; this area of your brain controls the hormone that regulates the menstrual cycle. If you are stressful that can affect your period and you can experience amenorrhea. You will get your periods back after your stress decreases.
This is one of the major causes of the amenorrhea. Many types of health complication can cause hormonal imbalance. Some of them are;
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): POCS causes the continuous high level of hormones. But for the normal menstrual cycle, a fluctuating level of hormone is required. In the absence of the fluctuating levels of the hormone, you can experience amenorrhea.
Thyroid malfunction: Both overactive and underactive thyroid gland can create menstrual disturbances or amenorrhea.
Pituitary tumor: Pituitary tumor can intervene the hormonal functioning that causes menstruation.
Premature menopause: The normal age of the menopause is around fifty. But in some cases, the ovarian supply of eggs stop before forty that causes amenorrhea.
Structural causes of the amenorrhea
There are some structural causes of the amenorrhea such as uterine scarring, lack of the reproductive organs, or structural deformity of the vagina.
As mentioned above, amenorrhea can occur for many reasons. It can be stress, hormonal imbalance, structural deformity, pregnancy, and certain types of the medication, and contraceptives that can cause amenorrhea. If you are experiencing amenorrhea, you should consult your gynecologist to find out the reason and to get a solution.